Compact disc.  An optical disc, ca. 4 3/4 in. (12 cm.) in diameter, that contains computer-readable data.  Made principally of plastic coated with a micro-thin reflective metal, and a protective layer of lacquer.  Holds images, sound, computer programs, and other data.  CD-ROM (read only memory) contains data that has been placed on the disc at the time of manufacture.  Variations include CD-R (recordable, write once), CD-RW (rewritable).


Capacitance electronic disc.  A grooved, plastic videodisc format, usually 12 in. in diameter, on which information has been recorded as pits in the bottom of the grooves and read by an electronic stylus.  RCA Selectavision is the best known CED.  In 1984, RCA announced its decision to cease production of its Selectavision players.


See Color reversal intermediate.

Capacitance electronic disc

See CED.


See Subtitle.


See Film cartridge, Videocartridge.


See Film cassette, Videocassette.


Collective term for actors and their roles.  Their names may be preceded by such terms as:  starring, co-starring, also starring, introducing, featuring, guest star, guest appearances, cameo appearance, or with.  A broad distinction is made between cast and credits by defining cast as those in front of the camera and credits as those behind the camera.


A descriptive list of materials contained in a collection, an archive, or a group of archives, arranged according to some definite plan, e.g., by title.


1.  Short parts or segments from a complete moving image work.  Although the work from which the clip was taken may have been distributed, the clip itself has not usually been distributed in this form.

2.  In editing, short sections removed from a picture shot, more often called cuts or trims.

3.  Also used to describe short film inserts used in live television programming.

See also Excerpts.

Collective title

A title proper that is an inclusive title for a work containing several works.


The image is the result of using certain processes capable of reproducing a range of hues.  These processes are generally photographic or electronic, but may involve the application of color materials, such as paint, directly to a film.  See also Hand-colored, Stencil-colored.

Color reversal intermediate (CRI)

A color duplicate negative made by the reversal process directly from an original color negative.

Color separation

The individual parts of a two-color or three-color process.  Each color separation is a record of the complimentary light values in a scene recorded on a separate strip of black and white film.  See also Three-color, Three-color imbibition, Three-strip color, Two-color, Two-color imbibition, Two-strip color.

Combined film

See Composite film.


See Television commercials, Theater commercials.

Compact disc

See CD.


Works consisting of pre-existing moving image materials, which may include published or unpublished works, whole works, or parts of works.


A video system in which brightness (luminance) and color (chrominance) signals are kept separate.


1.  Film usage:  A film that consists of a combination of the picture and its corresponding sound.  The term, "composite" can precede applicable generation terms, e.g., composite duplicate negative, composite master positive.

2.  Video usage:  A video system in which brightness (luminance), color (chrominance), and timing reference (horizontal and vertical sync) signals are combined.


1.  Contents are the image of a work or the image and sound of a work, but do not include technical specifications, such as format, type of production element, or projection characteristics.

2.  Within the bibliographic record, a contents note is a list of the individual parts, segments, sequences, etc., of a moving image work.  This note is often used for newsreels, magazine format programs, unedited footage, and compilation works.


A moving image work resulting from the joint efforts of two or more production companies sometimes based in different countries.  See also International co-production.


A set of elements that is a duplicate of another set in every physical characteristic.

Corporate body

An organization or group of persons that is identified by a particular name and that acts, or may act, as an entity.  Typical examples of corporate bodies are associations, institutions, business firms, nonprofit enterprises, governments, government agencies, religious bodies, local churches, and conferences.

Country of origin

See Country of production.

Country of production

The country of production is the country where the principal offices of the production company or of the individual producer of a moving image work are located.  It is considered the country of origin.

Credit term

A word used to describe the function of the person or corporate body credited with responsibility for the artistic or intellectual content of a moving image work, e.g., director, directed by, distributor, distributed by.


The names and functions of persons and corporate bodies responsible for the artistic or intellectual content of a moving image work.  The term "credits" is often used more specifically to distinguish those behind the camera from cast, those in front of the camera.


See Outtakes.

Cutting copy

See Work print.

Cyan color separation record

In a three-color separation, the cyan (blue-green) color separation is the record of the complimentary red light values in a scene recorded on black and white negative film.  See also Color separation.

See also: