VHD

Video High Density.  A grooveless, plastic videodisc format, approximately 10 in. in diameter.

VHS

A 1/2 in. videocassette format introduced by JVC (Japan Victor Corporation) in 1977.  VHS stands for Video Home System.  It was the most common videocassette for home use in the 1980s and 1990s.  The SMPTE standard designation for this format is type H.

Vanity credit

1.  A credit given to an individual who has had little or no actual involvement with the making of a moving image work.  Vanity credits are usually given to a person because of their position in the corporate hierarchy, such as the head of studio or company, or the head of a specific department, such as art or costumes (for instance, a person who assigns subordinates to individual films while still receiving credit).

2.  Also, redundant credits given when more specific functions (usually director or producer) are indicated; since the 1980s, a director of American features frequently receives an additional credit reading "a film by ..." at the opening, although final credits will specify function.

Variant title

Variation of the title proper, other than other title information.  Examples include reissue titles and rerelease titles.  See also Title proper.

Versions

When deliberate modifications are made to original manifestations of moving image works, these new works are considered versions.  Any changes in the contents only of original works result in new versions of the original works.  Original works and all subsequent versions of original works are cataloged separately on different bibliographic records.  See also Edition.

Video

A recording in which electronic signals of visual images, usually in motion and accompanied by sound, have been registered.  Video is generally designed for playback utilizing a monitor.

Video format:

The type of physical carrier on which video images and sound are recorded, e.g., Betacam SP, DVCPRO, DVD, VHS.

Video High Density

See VHD.

Video Home System

See VHS.

Video playing speed

The speed at which a video has been recorded and needs to be played back, e.g., long play (LP).

Video technical specification

Technical information about a video such as format and broadcast system, e.g., VHS, PAL.  A major reason this information may be needed is to determine the required equipment for viewing a video.

Videocartridge

A permanently encased videotape that sometimes has the ends joined together in a loop to provide continuous viewing.

Videocassette

A permanently encased videotape that winds and rewinds from reel-to-reel.

Videodisc

A flat disc of plastic or other material on which video signals are recorded.  Videodiscs range in diameter from 3 in. to 12 in. and include the ca. 4 3/4 in. (12 cm.) DVD and video CD.

Videoloop

See Videocartridge.

Videoreel

A videotape wound on a hub or other storage device that is designed to be played back on a system having its own take-up mechanism.  This term is used for videotape that is not permanently encased.

Viewing copy

In AMIM2, a video designated as available for screening.  This is an optional term that describes level of accessibility.

Viewing print

In AMIM2, a film print designated as available for screening.  This term can encompass flat bed and theatrical projection.  In the first edition of AMIM, the term "reference print" was used for this designation.  However, "reference print" is better known as a film print "made to optimum reference conditions, and with which series-produced release prints must conform" (ISO 4246: 1994).  In order to minimize confusion, "viewing print" is used in AMIM2 as an optional term that describes level of accessibility.  See also Theatrical projection print.

Volume number

1.  A number used to identify a series of episodes of a moving image work usually covering one calender year or television season; often used for magazine format television series such as 60 Minutes.

2.  A number used to identify one episode of a moving image work released in more than one episode.  See also Episode number.

See also:

Glossary