Saba  [nwsd]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Saba (Netherlands Antilles)

Saba (Netherlands Antilles)

USE  Saba


Assigned code:

[a-my]  Malaysia

UF    British North Borneo

North Borneo

Sahara  [fd]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Sahara Desert

Sahara Desert

USE  Sahara


Assigned code:

[f]  Africa

Saint-Barthélemy  [nwsc]  Authorities & Vocabularies

[Coded [nwsb] (Saint-Barthélemy) before Mar. 1988; Coded [nwgp] (Guadeloupe) from 1988 to Dec. 2011]

UF    Saint Bartholomew

Saint Barts

St. Barthélémy

Saint Bartholomew

USE  Saint-Barthélemy

Saint Barts

USE  Saint-Barthélemy

Saint Christopher and Nevis

USE  Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Eustatius (Netherlands Antilles)

USE  Sint Eustatius

Saint Helena  [lsxj]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    St. Helena

Saint Kitts

Assigned code:

[nwxi]  Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Kitts and Nevis  [nwxi]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Saint Christopher and Nevis

Saint Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla

Assigned codes:

[nwxa]  Anguilla

[nwxi]   Saint Kitts and Nevis

UF    St. Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla

Saint Lawrence River

Assigned codes:

[n-cn]  Canada

[n-us]  United States

Saint Lucia  [nwxk]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    St. Lucia

Saint-Martin  [nwst]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Collectivity of Saint Martin

Saint-Martin (Collectivity)

Saint-Martin (France : Collectivity)

Saint Martin (West Indies)

St. Martin (West Indies)

Saint-Martin (Collectivity)

USE  Saint-Martin

Saint-Martin (France : Collectivity)

USE  Saint-Martin

Saint Martin (West Indies)

USE  Saint-Martin

Saint Pierre and Miquelon  [n-xl]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Îles Saint-Pierre et Miquelon

St. Pierre and Miquelon

Saint Vincent

Assigned code:

[nwxm]  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

UF    St. Vincent

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  [nwxm]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Sakha (Russia)

Assigned code:

[e-ru]  Russia (Federation)

UF    ÍÀkutskaíà A.S.S.R. (Russia)

Yakutia (Russia)

Sakhalin Ula (China and Russia)

USE  Amur River (China and Russia)


USE  El Salvador

Salvage Islands (Madeira Islands)

USE  Selvagens Islands (Madeira Islands)

Salvages (Madeira Islands)

USE  Selvagens Islands (Madeira Islands)

Samar (Philippines)

Assigned code:

[a-ph]  Philippines

Samoa  [pows]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Western Samoa

Samoa (Islands)

USE  Samoan Islands

Samoa, American

USE  American Samoa

Samoan Islands  [posh]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Samoa (Islands)

San Marino  [e-sm]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Sandwich Islands, South

USE  South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands

Santa Cruz Islands (Solomon Islands)

[Coded [posc] (Santa Cruz Islands) before Mar. 1988]

Assigned code:

[pobp]  Solomon Islands

São Thomé e Príncipe

USE  Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome and Principe  [f-sf]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    São Thomé e Príncipe


Assigned code:

[a-my]  Malaysia

Sardinia (Italy)

Assigned code:

[e-it]  Italy

Saskatchewan  [n-cn-sn]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Saturn (Planet)  [zsa]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Saudi Arabia  [a-su]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Scandinavia  [ev]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Scotland  [e-uk-st]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Selvagens Islands (Madeira Islands)

Assigned code:

[lnma]  Madeira Islands

UF    Salvage Islands (Madeira Islands)

Salvages (Madeira Islands)

Senegal  [f-sg]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Serbia  [e-rb]  Authorities & Vocabularies

[Coded [e-yu] (Yugoslavia) before April 2007]

Serbia and Montenegro

[Coded [e-yu] (Yugoslavia) before April 2007]

USE  Montenegro

USE  Serbia

Seychelles  [i-se]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Shaanxi Sheng (China)  [a-cc-ss]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Shensi Province (China)

Shan States

Assigned code:

[a-br]  Burma

Shandong Sheng (China)  [a-cc-sp]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Shantung Province (China)

Shanghai (China)  [a-cc-sm]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Shansi Province (China)

USE  Shanxi Sheng (China)

Shantung Province (China)

USE  Shandong Sheng (China)

Shanxi Sheng (China)  [a-cc-sh]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Shansi Province (China)

Shensi Province (China)

USE  Shaanxi Sheng (China)

Shetland (Scotland)

Assigned code:

[e-uk-st]  Scotland

Shinnan Islands

USE  Spratly Islands

Si Kiang (China)

USE  Xi River (China)

Si River (China)

USE  Xi River (China)


USE  Thailand

Siam, Gulf of

USE  Thailand, Gulf of

Siberia (Russia)  [e-urs]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Siberia, Eastern (Russia)  [e-ure]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    East Siberian Region (Russia)

Eastern Siberia (Russia)

Siberia, Northeastern (Russia)

Assigned code:

[e-urs]  Siberia (Russia)

Siberia, Northwestern (Russia)

Assigned code:

[e-urs]  Siberia (Russia)

Siberia, Western (Russia)  [e-urw]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Western Siberia (Russia)

Sichuan Sheng (China)  [a-cc-sz]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Szechwan Province (China)

Sicily (Italy)

Assigned code:

[e-it]  Italy

Sierra Leone  [f-sl]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Sikkim (India)

[Coded [a-sk] (Sikkim) before Mar. 1988]

Assigned code:

[a-ii]  India

Singapore  [a-si]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Sinkiang Uighur Autonomous Region (China)

USE  Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu (China)

Sint Eustatius  [nweu]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Saint Eustatius (Netherlands Antilles)

Sint Eustatius (Netherlands Antilles)

St. Eustatius (Netherlands Antilles)

Statia (Netherlands Antilles)

Sint Eustatius (Netherlands Antilles)

USE  Sint Eustatius

Sint Maarten  [nwsn]  Authorities & Vocabularies

[Coded [nwst] (Saint Martin (West Indies)) before Dec. 2011]

UF    Sint Maarten (Netherlands Antilles)

Sint Maarten (West Indies)

Sint Maarten (Netherlands Antilles)

USE  Sint Maarten

Sint Maarten (West Indies)

USE  Sint Maarten

Skagerrak (Denmark and Norway)

Assigned code:

[ln]  North Atlantic Ocean

Slovak Socialist Republic (Czechoslovakia)

USE  Slovakia

Slovakia  [e-xo]  Authorities & Vocabularies

[Coded [e-cs] (Czechoslovakia) before May 1993]

UF    Slovak Socialist Republic (Czechoslovakia)

Slovenia  [e-xv]  Authorities & Vocabularies

[Coded [e-yu] (Yugoslavia) before Oct. 1992]

Snowbelt States

Assigned code:

[n-us]  United States

UF    Frostbelt (U.S.)

Society Islands (French Polynesia)

Assigned code:

[pofp]  French Polynesia

Socotra (Yemen)

[Coded [i-xo] (Socotra Island) before Mar. 1988; Coded [a-ys] (Yemen (People's Democratic Republic) before Oct. 1992]

Assigned code:

[a-ye]  Yemen (Republic)

UF    Sokotra (Yemen)

Sokotra (Yemen)

USE  Socotra (Yemen)

Solar system  [zs]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Solomon Islands  [pobp]  Authorities & Vocabularies

[Coded also [posn] (Solomon Islands) before Mar. 1988]

UF    British Solomon Islands

Somali Republic

USE  Somalia

Somalia  [f-so]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    British Somaliland

Italian Somaliland

Somali Republic

Somaliland, French

USE  Djibouti

Song Tíên Giang

USE  Mekong River

Songhai Empire

Assigned codes:

[f-ml]  Mali

[f-ng]  Niger

[f-nr]   Nigeria

South Africa  [f-sa]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Africa, South

Union of South Africa

South America  [s]  Authorities & Vocabularies

South Arabia, Federation of

USE  Federation of South Arabia

South Asia  [az]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Asia, South

South Atlantic Ocean  [ls]  Authorities & Vocabularies

South Atlantic States

Assigned code:

[n-usu]  Southern States

UF    Atlantic States, South

South Australia  [u-at-sa]  Authorities & Vocabularies

South Carolina  [n-us-sc]  Authorities & Vocabularies

South China Sea  [ao]  Authorities & Vocabularies

South Dakota  [n-us-sd]  Authorities & Vocabularies

South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands  [lsxs]  Authorities & Vocabularies

[Coded [lsfk] (Falkland Islands) before Oct. 1992]

UF    Sandwich Islands, South

South Sandwich Islands

South Korea

USE  Korea (South)

South Orkney Islands

Assigned code:

[lsfk]  Falkland Islands

South Pacific Ocean  [ps]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Pacific Ocean, South

South Pole

USE  Antarctica

South Sandwich Islands

[Coded [lsfk] (Falkland Islands) before Oct. 1992]

USE  South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands

South Shetland Islands (Antarctica)

[Coded [lsfk] (Falkland Islands) before Mar. 1998]

Assigned code:

[t]  Antarctica

South Sudan  [f-sd]  Authorities & Vocabularies

[Coded [f-sj] (Sudan) before Aug. 2011]

UF    Sudan, South

South Vietnam

[Coded [a-vs] (Viet Nam, South) before Mar. 1988]

USE  Vietnam (Republic)

South-West Africa

USE  Namibia

Southeast Asia  [as]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Asia, Southeastern

Southeastern Asia

Southeastern Asia

USE  Southeast Asia

Southeastern Europe

USE  Balkan Peninsula

Southern Africa

USE  Africa, Southern

Southern Cameroons

USE  Cameroon

Southern Europe

USE  Europe, Southern

Southern Germany

USE  Germany, Southern

Southern Hemisphere  [xc]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Southern Rhodesia

USE  Zimbabwe

Southern Soviet Union

USE  Soviet Union, Southern

Southern States  [n-usu]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Southern Yemen

USE  Yemen (Republic)

Southwest, New  [n-ust]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Southwest, Old

Assigned code:

[n-usu]  Southern States

Southwestern States

Assigned codes:

[n-usu]  Southern States

[n-ust]   Southwest, New

Soviet Central Asia

USE  Asia, Central

Soviet Far East (Russia)

[Coded [e-uro] (Soviet Central Asia) before 1994]

USE  Russian Far East (Russia)

Soviet Union  [e-ur]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Commonwealth of Independent States countries

Former Soviet republics


Soviet Union, Northern

USE  Russia, Northern

Soviet Union, Northwestern  [e-urn]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Northwestern Soviet Union

Soviet Union, Southern

Assigned code:

[e-ur]  Soviet Union

UF    Southern Soviet Union

Soviet Union, Western

Assigned code:

[e-ur]  Soviet Union

UF    Western Soviet Union

Space, Outer

USE  Outer space

Spain  [e-sp]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Spanish Guinea

USE  Equatorial Guinea

Spanish Main

Assigned code:

[cc]  Caribbean Area

Spanish North Africa  [f-sh]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Spanish Territories in Northern Morocco

Spanish Sahara

USE  Western Sahara

Spanish Territories in Northern Morocco

USE  Spanish North Africa

Spitsbergen Island (Norway)

Assigned code:

[lnsb]  Svalbard (Norway)

UF    West Spitsbergen (Norway)

Spratly Islands  [aoxp]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Nansha Islands

Shinnan Islands

Sri Lanka  [a-ce]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Ceylon

St. Barthélémy

USE  Saint-Barthélemy

St. Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla

USE  Saint Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla

St. Eustatius (Netherlands Antilles)

USE  Sint Eustatius

St. Helena

USE  Saint Helena

St. Lucia

USE  Saint Lucia

St. Martin (West Indies)

USE  Saint-Martin

St. Pierre and Miquelon

USE  Saint Pierre and Miquelon

St. Vincent

USE  Saint Vincent

Statia (Netherlands Antilles)

USE  Sint Eustatius

Strait of Gibraltar

USE  Gibraltar, Strait of

Straits Settlements

Assigned codes:

[a-my]  Malaysia

[a-si]    Singapore

Sub-Saharan Africa

USE  Africa, Sub-Saharan

Sudan  [f-sj]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Anglo-Egyptian Sudan

Sudan (Region)  [fn]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Sudan, French

USE  Mali

Sudan, South

USE  South Sudan

Suez Canal (Egypt)  [fu]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Sulawesi (Indonesia)

USE  Celebes (Indonesia)

Sumatra (Indonesia)

Assigned code:

[a-io]  Indonesia

Sun  [zsu]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Sunbelt States

Assigned codes:

[n-usu]  Southern States

[n-ust]   Southwest, New

and if appropriate

[n-us-hi]  Hawaii

Sunda Islands, Lesser (Indonesia and East Timor)

USE  Lesser Sunda Islands (Indonesia and East Timor)


USE  Suriname

Suriname  [s-sr]  Authorities & Vocabularies

UF    Dutch Guiana

Guiana, Dutch


Svalbard (Norway)  [lnsb]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Swan Islands (Honduras)  [nwsv]  Authorities & Vocabularies


USE  Eswatini

Sweden  [e-sw]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Switzerland  [e-sz]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Syria  [a-sy]  Authorities & Vocabularies

Szechwan Province (China)

USE  Sichuan Sheng (China)

See also:

Geographic Name Area Sequence