Character position definition and scope:

The Cataloging source is a one-character code indicating the agency which is the creator of the original cataloging record.  If the cataloging source is known, it is identified in subfield $a of field 040 (Cataloging Source).  A fill character ( | ) is used when no attempt has been made to code this 008 position.

National-level and Minimal-level record requirements for position 008/39 for all types of material are Mandatory.

Validity by material type:  Valid for all types.

Guidelines for applying content designators:




National bibliographic agency


Cooperative cataloging program






No attempt to code

Content designator history:

# - Library of Congress  [redefined, 1997]

a - National Agricultural Library  [obsolete, 1997]  [USMARC only]

b - National Library of Medicine  [obsolete, 1997]  [USMARC only]

d - Another national library cataloguing  [redefined, 1997]  [CAN/MARC only]

l  - Library of Congress cataloguing  [obsolete, 1997]  [CAN/MARC only]

o - Other institution cataloguing  [obsolete, 1997]  [CAN/MARC only]

n - Report to New serial titles  [obsolete, 1997]  [USMARC only]

r - Reporting library  [obsolete, 1997]  [CAN/MARC only]

Code n was made obsolete following the cessation of publication of New serial titles.

Related MARC field or document:

040  Cataloging Source

See also:

008/00-39:  Character Positions by Type of Material

008  Fixed-Length Data Elements