Musical Instrumentation and Voice Code and Term Sources contains a list of standard musical instrumentation and voice code and term sources and assigns a code to each list.  The purpose of this list is to enable the source of a medium of performance code or term in metadata records to be identified to enable interpretation.  For code assignment, general structure, usage, and maintenance guidelines see Introduction.

Arrangement of the list

Entries in the list are arranged in alphabetical order by the code and consist of the source code followed by the bibliographic citation for the source documentation.  The citations are linked to the online source for some codes.

Code structure

Each code consists of a maximum of 12 lowercase alphabetic characters.  Possible additions to codes are described in Source Code Maintenance.

Musical Instrumentation and Voice Code and Term Source Codes


Emneord for musikkdokument i EDB-kataloger (Norwegian Directorate for Public and School Libraries)


Gemeinsame Normdatei (Leipzig, Frankfurt: Deutsche Nationalbibliothek)


International Association of Music Libraries, Medium of performance codes


Library of Congress medium of performance thesaurus for music (LCMPT) (Washington, DC: Library of Congress


MARC Instruments and Voices Code List


Thésaurus des moyens d'exécution en musique de l'Université Laval (Québec, Québec: Bibliothèque de l'Université Laval)


Suomalainen esityskokoonpanosanasto

Usage in MARC 21

 Bibliographic records

048 $2 (Number of Musical Instruments or Voices Code / Source of code)

382 $2 (Medium of Performance / Source of term)

 Authority records

382 $2 (Medium of Performance / Source of term)

762 $2 (Established Heading Linking Entry - Medium of Performance Term / Source of heading or term)

See also:

Source Codes for Vocabularies, Rules, and Schemes:  Contents