Introduction

Standard Identifier Sources lists standard number or code systems and assigns a code to each database or publication that defines or contains the identifiers.  The purpose of these source codes is to enable the type of standard numbers or codes in metadata records to be indicated by a code.  For code assignment, general structure, usage, and maintenance guidelines see Introduction.

Arrangement of the list

Entries in the list are arranged in alphabetical order by the code and consist of the source code followed by the bibliographic citation for the source documentation.  The citations are linked to the online source for some codes.

Code structure

Each code consists of a maximum of 25 characters, including lowercase alphabetic characters, numeric characters 0 through 9, and the hyphen (-).  Possible additions to codes are described in Source Code Maintenance.

Standard Identifier Source Codes

agorha

AGORHA (Accès Global et Organisé aux Ressources en Histoire de l'Art)

agrovoc

AGROVOC multilingual agricultural thesaurus. (Rome: APIMONDIA)

allmovie

AllMovie

allmusic

AllMusic

allocine

AlloCiné

amnbo

American National Biography Online

ansi

American National Standards Institute and National Information Standards Organisation number for an ANSI or ANSI/NISO standard

archinl

archINFORM Index of Locations

archinpe

archINFORM Index of Persons

archinpr

archINFORM Projects

archna

Archnet Authorities

archns

Archnet Sites

arkid

Archival Resource Key (ARK) Identifiers

artsy

Artsy

artukart

Art UK Artists

artukaw

Art UK Artworks

atg

Agricultural Thesaurus and Glossary (Beltsville, MD: National Agricultural Library)

[Note: Code previously defined for usage in Subject Heading and Term Source Codes.  Usage has been expanded.]

balat

BALaT (Belgian Art Links and Tools) People & Institutions

bbcth

BBC Things

bdusc

Biographical Directory of the United States Congress (United States Congress)

belvku

Belvedere Künstler

belvwrk

Belvedere Werke

benezit

Benezit Dictionary of Artists

bew

Biographies of the Entomologists of the World

bfi

BFI - British Film Institute

bibbi

BIBBI autoriteter (Oslo: Norway: Biblioteksentralen)

[Code was formerly bibsent; changed at request of agency]

bigenc

Большая российская энциклопедия = Bolʹshai︠a︡ rossiĭskai︠a︡ ėnt︠s︡iklopedii︠a︡ (Great Russian Encyclopedia)

bnfcg

BnF catalogue général (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France)

bpn

Biografisch Portaal van Nederland = Biography portal of the Netherlands

bsi

British Standards Institution (London: British Standards Institution)

cabt

CAB Thesaurus

[Note: Code previously defined for usage in Subject Heading and Term Source Codes.  Usage has been expanded.]

cana

Canadiana Authorities (Library and Archives Canada)

cantic

CANTIC (Catàleg d'autoritats de noms i títols de Catalunya) (Biblioteca de Catalunya)

cbwpid

Collective Biographies of Women Persons ID

cerl

CERL Thesaurus

cgndb

Canadian Geographical Names Database (Natural Resources Canada)

clara

Clara: Database of Women Artists (National Museum of Women in the Arts)

cnbksy

Quan Guo Bao Kan Suo Yin (CNBKSY)

csfdcz

Cesko-Slovenská filmová databáze

danacode

Danacode (Bnei Brak, Israel: D.A.N.A. Systems)

darome

Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire

datoses

datos.bne.es (Biblioteca Nacional de España)

discogs

Discogs

dkfilm

Det Danske Filminstitut Filmdatabasen

doi

Digital Object Identifier

dpb

Dictionnaire des peintres belges

ean

International Article Number

eidr

EIDR: Entertainment Identifier Registry

emlo

Early Modern Letters Online

fast

Faceted Application of Subject Terminology (Dublin, Ohio: OCLC)

fidecp

Fide Chess Profile (World Chess Federation)

filmaff

Film Affinity

filmport

filmportal.de

findagr

Find a Grave

fisa

FIS Athlete

freebase

Freebase

gacsch

Global Agricultural Concept Scheme (GACS)

gec

Gran enciclopèdia catalana

geogndb

Geographic Names Database

geonames

GeoNames

gettyaat

Art & Architecture Thesaurus Online (Getty Research Institute)

gettyart

J. Paul Getty Museum Artists

gettyobj

J. Paul Getty Museum Objects

gettytgn

Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names Online (J. Paul Getty Trust)

gettyulan

Union List of Artist Names Online (J. Paul Getty Trust)

gnd

Gemeinsame Normdatei (Leipzig, Frankfurt: Deutsche Nationalbibliothek)

gnis

Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) (United States Geological Survey, Board on Geographic Names)

goodra

Goodreads Author ID

gtaa

Gemeenschappelijke Thesaurus Audiovisuele Archieven

gtin-14

Global Trade Identification Number 14 (EAN/UCC-128 or ITF-14)

hdl

Handle

iaafa

IAAF Athletes (International Association of Athletics Federations)

ibdb

IBDB - Internet Broadway Database

iconauth

Iconography Authority (Getty Research Institute)

idref

IdRef: le referentiel des autorites Sudoc (L'agence bibliographique de l'enseignement superieur (ABES))

imdb

IMDb - Internet Movie Database

isan

International Standard Audiovisual Number

isbn

International Standard Book Number

isbn-a

International Standard Book Number (the actionable ISBN) (International DOI Foundation (IDF))

isbnre

ISBN (International Standard Book Number) registrant element

Note: Refers to the part of the ISBN number that is stable for a publisher's publications (the registrant element).

isbnsbn

Identificativo SBN (Servizio bibliotecario nazionale)

isfdbau

ISFDB Author Directory (The Internet Speculative Fiction Database)

isfdbaw

ISFDB Award Directory (The Internet Speculative Fiction Database)

isfdbma

ISFDB Magazine Directory (The Internet Speculative Fiction Database)

isfdbpu

ISFDB Publisher Directory (The Internet Speculative Fiction Database)

isil

ISIL (International Standard Identifier for Libraries and Related Organizations)

ismn

International Standard Music Number

isni

International Standard Name Identifier

iso

International Organization for Standardization number for an ISO standard

isrc

International Standard Recording Code

issn

International Standard Serial Number

issn-l

Linking International Standard Serial Number

issue-number

Sound recording issue number

istc

International Standard Text Code

iswc

International Standard Musical Work Code

itar

ITAR (Importtjeneste og autoritetsregistre)

kda

Kunstindeks Danmark Artist

kdw

Kunstindeks Danmark Work

kinopo

КиноПоиск = KinoPoisk

lattes

Currículo Lattes

lccn

Library of Congress Control Number

lcmd

Library of Congress Manuscript Division (Washington, DC: Library of Congress)

lcmpt

Library of Congress Medium of Performance Thesaurus for Music (LCMPT) (Washington, DC: Library of Congress)

lei

Legal Entity Identifier

libaus

Libraries Australia (National Library of Australia)

local

Locally defined identifier

margaz

Marine Gazetter (Marineregions.org)

matrix-number

Sound recording matrix number

mesh

Medical Subject Headings (Bethesda, MD: National Library of Medicine)

[Note: Code previously defined for usage in other lists.  Usage has been expanded.]

mocofo

Musée d'Orsay Catalogue des oeuvres Fiche Oeuvre

moma

Museum of Modern Art (New York: Museum of Modern Art)

morana

Musée d'Orsay Répertoire des artistes Notice Artiste

moviemetf

MovieMeter Films

moviemetr

MovieMeter Regisseurs

munzing

Munzinger (Munzinger Archiv)

muscl

Music Sales Classical

music-plate

Publisher's music plate number

music-publisher

Publisher-assigned music number

musicb

MusicBrainz

nacat

National Archives Catalog (Washington, DC: National Archives)

nagb

The National Archives (Great Britain)

natgazfid

U.S. National Gazetteer Feature Name Identifier

nga

National Gallery of Art (Washington DC: National Gallery of Art)

ngva

National Gallery of Victoria Artist

ngvw

National Gallery of Victoria Work

nipo

Número de Identificación de las Publicaciones Oficiales

nndb

NNDB (Notable Names Database)

npg

National Portrait Gallery (London: National Portrait Gallery)

odnb

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press)

ofdb

OFDb: Online-Filmdatenbank

onix

ONIX (Online Information Exchange)

Note: Code previously defined for usage in Format Source Codes.  Usage has been expanded.

opensm

OpenStreetMap

orcid

Open Researcher and Contributor IDentifier

oxforddnb

Oxford Biography Index

pcadbu

Pacific Coast Architecture Database - Buildings List

pcadpe

Pacific Coast Architecture Database - Persons List

pcadpf

Pacific Coast Architecture Database - Practices and Firms

permid

PermID

picnypl

PIC - Photographers' Identities Catalog (New York Public Library)

pleiades

Pleiades: a gazetteer of past places

pnta

Personen uit de Nederlandse Thesaurus van Auteursnamen

porthu

PORT.hu

prabook

Prabook

rbmsbt

RBMS Controlled Vocabularies: Binding Terms (Rare Books and Manuscripts Section, Association of College & Research Libraries)

rbmsgt

RBMS Controlled Vocabularies: Genre Terms (Rare Books and Manuscripts Section, Association of College & Research Libraries)

rbmspe

RBMS Controlled Vocabularies: Provenance Evidence (Rare Books and Manuscripts Section, Association of College & Research Libraries)

rbmsppe

RBMS Controlled Vocabularies: Printing and Publishing Evidence (Rare Books and Manuscripts Section, Association of College & Research Libraries)

rbmspt

RBMS Controlled Vocabularies: Paper Terms (Rare Books and Manuscripts Section Association of College & Research Libraries)

rbmsrd

RBMS Controlled Vocabularies: Relationship Designators (Rare Books and Manuscripts Section, Association of College & Research Libraries)

rbmste

RBMS Controlled Vocabularies: Type Evidence (Rare Books and Manuscripts Section, Association of College & Research Libraries)

rid

ResearcherID (Thomson Reuters)

rkda

RKDartists& (Den Haag: Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Documentatie)

s2a3bd

S2A3 Biographical Database of Southern African Science

saam

Smithsonian American Art Museum (Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution)

scholaru

Scholar Universe

scope

Scope

scopus

Scopus Author Identifier

sici

Serial Item and Contribution Identifier

smgp

Science Museum Group People

snac

Social Networks and Archival Context

spotify

Spotify

sprfbsb

Sports Reference: Baseball

sprfbsk

Sports Reference: Basketball

sprfcbb

Sports Reference: College Basketball

sprfcfb

Sports Reference: College Football

sprfhoc

Sports Reference: Hockey

sprfoly

Sports Reference: Olympic Sports

sprfpfb

Sports Reference: Pro Football

ssaut

Semantic Scholar (Author)

stock-number

Publisher, distributor, or vendor stock number

strn

Standard Technical Report Number

stw

Standard-Thesaurus Wirtschaft = STW Thesaurus for Economics

[Note: Code previously defined for usage in Subject Heading and Term Source Codes.  Usage has been expanded.]

svfilm

Svensk Filmdatabas

tatearid

Tate Artist Identifier

theatr

Theatricalia

trove

Trove (National Library of Australia)

unescot

UNESCO thesaurus = Thésaurus de l'UNESCO = Tesauro de la UNESCO (Paris: UNESCO Publishing)

[Note: Code previously defined for usage in Subject Heading and Term Source Codes.  Usage has been expanded.]

upc

Universal Product Code

uri

Uniform Resource Identifier

urn

Uniform Resource Name

vd16

Verzeichnis der Drucke des 16. Jahrhunderts

Note: Code previously defined for usage in Description Convention Source Codes.  Usage has been expanded.

vd17

Verzeichnis der Drucke des 17. Jahrhunderts

Note: Code previously defined for usage in Description Convention Source Codes.  Usage has been expanded.

vd18

Verzeichnis der Drucke des 18. Jahrhunderts

vgmdb

VGMdb artists

viaf

Virtual International Authority File number

videorecording-identifier

Publisher-assigned videorecording number

wikidata

Wikidata (Wikimedia Foundation)

wndla

Web NDL Authorities (Tokyo: National Diet Library (NDL))

xgamea

X Games Athletes

ysopai

YSO-paikat

zbaut

ZooBank (Authors)

Usage in MARC 21

 Bibliographic records

024 $2 (Other Standard Identifier / Source of number or code)

 Authority records

024 $2 (Other Standard Identifier / Source of number or code)

 Holdings records

024 $2 (Other Standard Identifier / Source of number or code)

MODS/MADS Elements

 mods: identifier @type

 mads: identifier @type

See also:

Source Codes for Vocabularies, Rules, and Schemes:  Contents