a. Establishing names in hierarchies:

A corporate body that is part of a corporate hierarchy often appears on the piece with the names of the higher bodies to which it is subordinate. Corporate bodies in hierarchies are established from top to bottom- -i.e., in order to establish a name for the lowest element in the hierarchy, you must first determine how the higher bodies are entered. When name authority records are created, more than one heading may be established in order to establish the one needed for the piece being cataloged.

b. Determining subordination:

To determine whether one body is subordinate to another or which is the subordinate body and which is the parent, consider the layout on the chief source, other sources in the piece such as letterheads, and consult reference sources when necessary. If the body is subordinate to another, apply AACR2 24.12-14 or 24.16-19, depending on whether or not the body is a government body.

c. Related bodies:

Note that AACR2 rules 24.12-24.16 are for "subordinate and related bodies." The glossary defines a related body as one that "has a relation to another body other than a hierarchical relation (e.g., one that is founded but not controlled by another body; one that only receives financial support from another body; one that provides financial and/or other types of assistance to another body, such as ‘friends’ groups; one whose members have also membership in or an associate with another body, such as employees’ associations and alumni associations.)"

d. Government bodies:

To determine whether a body is a government body, look to see if it is funded by a government, subordinate to a body that is known to be a government body, or included in a government organization manual. Government bodies include agencies that re directly subordinate to a jurisdiction and those subordinate to a parent body that is entered under the jurisdiction. To determine the heading, such bodies are tested against the types under rule AACR2 24.18. According to AACR2 24.17, once a government body is entered under its own name (e.g., Library of Congress), its subordinate bodies (e.g., American Folklife Center, Center for the Book) are tested against the types in AACR2 24.13.

Whether a subordinate body falls under one of the types depends on the words in the name, not the type of body. For instance, a city museum whose name was simply "Museum" would fall under type 3 (words that are general in nature) and would be entered under the city, while another museum whose name was more specific (e.g., Mead Art Museum) would not fit into any of the categories and would be set up under its own name.

When to apply AACR2 24.13 or 24.18:

Apply AACR2 24.13 for:

Bodies that are not part of a government (e.g., corporations, societies, banks, private commissions, etc.)

A government body whose parent body is entered under its own name because it does not fit one of the types under AACR2 24.18

Apply AACR2 24.18 for:

Government agencies that are directly subordinate to a jurisdiction (e.g., departments, ministries, etc.)

Subordinate bodies whose parent body is entered under a jurisdiction

Special types of government bodies (e.g., legislatures, courts, armed services, etc.)

AACR2 24.13 and AACR2 24.18 "types" of corporate bodies that are entered subordinately- -a comparison

See also:

18.5. Names entered directly and names entered subordinately