When a publisher issues a group of serials under the same "common" title and gives each serial in the group a "section" title, both titles are given as part of the title proper, provided that both titles appear on the same source (AACR2 12.1B4, 12.1B5).  If the section title is given a numeric or alphabetic designation, the designation is also included in the title proper.  Note that this designation is not the  numbering for the serial (see Module 8) but a designation for the section that remains constant on each issue (e.g., Part A).

When the common title and section title are not grammatically linked, record the titles in the following construction, regardless of the order of titles on the piece.

Common title. $p Section title.

Common title. $n Designation.

Common title. $n Designation, $p Section title.

When the two titles are grammatically linked, record the title as a simple title proper.

245 00 $a Weather forecasts for New England  [made up example]

245 00 $a Weather forecasts for New York

6.2.1.  Definitions

AACR2 defines a section title as:

A separately published part of a serial, usually representing a particular subject category within the larger serial and identified by a designation that may be a topic, or an alphabetic or numeric designation or a combination of these.

Although there is no official definition of a common title, for purposes within this manual it is defined as:

A title common to two or more works, one or more of which also carries the title and/or designation of a section.

6.2.2.  Types of constructions using subfields $a and $p

Three types of situations occur for serials.

a.  Each serial has a common title and section title

This occurs when a publisher issues a series of publications on particular topics, geographical breakdowns, etc., that are parts of a larger topic.

245 00 $a Daily report. $p Western Europe.

245 00 $a Daily report. $p People’s Republic of China.

245 00 $a From the state capitals. $p Agriculture and food products.

245 00 $a From the state capitals. $p Federal action.

245 00 $a From the state capitals. $p Fire administration trends in the states.

Serials of this type may also be designated by a number or letter.  (AACR2 12.1B5).

245 00 $a Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. $n Part A, $p Power and process engineering.

245 00 $a Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. $n Part B, $p Journal of engineering manufacture.


245 00 $a Egg & smolt. $p U.S. salmon digest.

246 30 $a U.S. salmon digest

245 00 $a Egg & smolt. $p Norway salmon digest.

246 30 $a Norway salmon digest


b.  Series and subseries

A series/ subseries situation is one in which there are three titles on the piece--series, a subseries (or series within a series) and the title of the individual piece, or " analytic."  (See also CCM Module 12).

On piece:

Five year plan

Department of State publication no. 8888

East Asian and Pacific series no. 989

In record for East Asian and Pacific series:

245 00 $a Department of State publication. $p East Asian and Pacific series.


c.  Parent title and title of a supplement or other part

This is not a common title/section title situation but the construction is the same.  In this situation, a serial is issued on its own and also has a supplement (or other subordinate part) that bears the title of the parent serial plus the generic term "supplement" (or its equivalent).  The two titles are not grammatically linked.

Parent serial:

British Journal of Psychiatry


British Journal of Psychiatry

Supplement no. 1

In records:

245 00 $a British journal of psychiatry.

245 00 $a British journal of psychiatry. $p Supplement.


6.2.3.  Sources and layout

The common title and section title must be found on the same source in order to be recorded as the title proper, but the source need not be the title page.  According to LCRI 12.1B4 , consider all presentations of the common title and section title on the title page and preliminaries and if any one gives both, consider that as the chief source.  Thus, a cover title can take precedence over a title page title if the cover provides both common title and section title and the title page does not.  If there is no source on which both appear together, apply AACR2 12.1B6 and give the section title as the title proper and the common title as a series.

In Figure 6.29a., the section title "Livres" appears only on the cover which is chosen as the chief source.

245 00 $a Bibliographie nationale français. $p Livres : $b notices établies par la Bibliothèque nationale.

246 30 $a Livres

500 ## $a Title from cover.


6.2.4.  Multiple sections or designations

Some serials have a title proper consisting of multiple sections and/or designations.  The number of sections or designations that can be recorded is not limited.

245 00 $a Proceedings. $n A. $n Part 1, $p Chemical sciences.

245 00 $a Fact book. $p Philippine financial system. $p Supplement.

245 00 $a Current housing reports. $n Series H-150, $p Annual housing survey, United States and regions. $n Part A, $p General housing characteristics.

For a discussion on the edition statement vs. common title/section title, see Module 9.  For a discussion on unnumbered series vs. common title/section title, see Module 12.

See also:

Module 6.  Title Statement (Field 245)