DCM Z1:  382  Medium of Performance

General:

Record the medium of performance using terms from the Library of Congress Medium of Performance Thesaurus for Music (LCMPT), accessible via Classification Web or LC Linked Data Service, when possible.  Record the medium of performance by applying the instructions at RDA 6.15.1.3-6.15.1.6 and the associated LC-PCC PSs.

NOTE:  The 382 field may also be used in authority records for expressions.

Repeatability:

If the vocabulary source differs, repeat the field.  If considered important for identification and access, provide an additional 382 that does not apply these guidelines.

See subfield $p - Alternative medium of performance for recording alternative instruments in a separate 382 field.

Subfield $b - Soloist:

Record featured instruments or voices in $b if accompanied by an ensemble consisting of multiple instruments or voices.

Examples:

382  0#  $b soprano voice $n 1 $a mixed chorus $2 lcmpt

[Solo soprano accompanied by mixed chorus.]

382  0#  $b viola $n 1 $a flute $n 1 $a oboe $n 1 $a clarinet $n 1 $a horn $n 1 $a bassoon $n 1 $s 6 $2 lcmpt

[Solo viola accompanied by flute, oboe, clarinet, horn, and bassoon.]

Do not use $b for featured instrument or voice that is accompanied by a single instrument.

Example:

382  0#  $a tenor voice $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt

[Tenor voice accompanied by piano.]

Subfield $d - Doubling instrument:

Record a doubling instrument in $d following the appropriate $a and $n combination to which the doubling instrument applies.

Examples:

382  0#  $a piano $n 1 $d celesta $n 1 $a flute $n 1 $a harp $n 1 $a vibraphone $n 1 $d marimba $n 1 $s 4 $2 lcmpt

[Solo piano, doubling celesta; solo flute; solo harp; and solo vibraphone, doubling marimba.]

382  0#  $a flute $n 1 $d piccolo $n 1 $a flute $n 2 $s 3 $2 lcmpt

[One flute, doubling piccolo; and two flutes with no doubling instrument.]

Subfield $e - Number of ensembles of the same type:

Until further notice, do not use $e.  This subfield has not been implemented yet.

Subfield $n - Number of performers of the same medium:

Follow these additional guidelines for subfield $n:

1.   Do not enclose in parentheses the number recorded in $n.

2.   When recording doubling or alternative instruments, use one $n with each instance of $a, $d, and $p terms.

Example:

382  0#  $a flute $n 1 $d piccolo $n 1 $d alto flute $n 1 $d bass flute $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt

[Solo flute, doubling piccolo, doubling alto flute, and doubling base flute.]

3.   Do not use $n for an uncertain number of performers of the same medium or a term representing a group.

Subfield $p - Alternative medium of performance:

Alternative instruments may be recorded in $p following the appropriate $a, $b, or $d in a single 382 field.

Example:

382  0#  $a violin $n 1 $p clarinet $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt

Alternative instruments may also be recorded in a separate 382 field, using $a.

Example:

382  0#  $a violin $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt

382  0#  $p clarinet $n 1 $s 1 $2 lcmpt

[Second 382 field used for alternative instrument.]

Subfield $r - Total number of individuals performing alongside ensembles:

Until further notice, do not use $r.  This subfield has not been implemented yet.

Subfield $s - Total number of performers:

Do not use $s when the medium includes terms for indefinitely populated ensembles, e.g., orchestra, jazz ensemble, rock band, etc.

Subfield $t - Total number of ensembles:

Until further notice, do not use $t.  This subfield has not been implemented yet.

Subfield $v - Note:

Follow these additional guidelines for subfield $v:

1.   Record $v following $a, $b, $d, or $p when describing the nature of a specific medium component.

2.   Record $v following $n or $e when describing the numbering of a specific medium component, including number of hands.

Example:

382  0#  $a piano $n 2 $v piano, 4 hands $s 2 $2 lcmpt

3.   Record $v directly preceding $2 when describing the performing forces as a whole or in case of doubt about placement.

4.   Record the key of the instrument in $v if considered important.

Example:

382  0#  $a clarinet $v in A $n 1 $a piano $n 1 $s 2 $2 lcmpt

For more information on DCM Z1 Instructions, select:

DCM Z1:  Introduction

DCM Z1