The MARC 21 Format for Authority Data should be used with the following standards and related documentation.  When a standard is applicable to data in a specific field of the format, the field tag is given in brackets following the citation.

National and International Standards:

ISO publications may be obtained from the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) ( and its agents; and ANSI/NISO Z39 publications may be obtained from the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) (

Format for Information Exchange (ISO 2709) and Bibliographic Information Interchange (ANSI/NISO Z39.2)

Code for the Representation of Names of Countries and their Subdivisions: Part 2, Country subdivision code (ISO 3166-2)

International Standard Book Numbering (ISBN) (ISO 2108)  [Field 020]

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) (ISO 3297) (ANSI/NISO Z39.9)  [Field 022]

Representation of Dates and Times (ISO 8601)

Character set standards are specified in MARC 21 Specifications for Record Structure, Character Sets, and Exchange Media.

MARC Standards and Other Related Publications:

These publications are available from the Library of Congress, Cataloging Distribution Service, Washington, DC 20541, USA (Worldwide distribution) and Canadian Government Publishing - PWGSC, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9, Canada (Canadian distribution).

MARC Code List for Geographic Areas  [Field 043]

MARC Code List for Languages  [Field 040]

MARC Code List for Organizations (earlier title:  Symbols of American Libraries)  [Fields 003, 014, 035, 040, 050, 053, 060, 082, 083, 086, 4XX, 5XX, 642, 644, 645, 646, 667, 680, 688, 7XX]

Source Codes for Vocabularies, Rules, and Schemes  [Fields 040, 072, 073, 7XX]

Symbols and Interlibrary Loan Policies in Canada (

MARC 21 Concise Formats (all five formats in concise form)

MARC 21 LITE Bibliographic Format (

MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data

MARC 21 Format for Classification Data

MARC 21 Format for Community Information

MARC 21 Format for Holdings Data

MARC 21 Specifications for Record Structure, Character Sets, and Exchange Media  [Leader, Directory, Alternate graphic fields 066, 880]

See also:

Authority Data Format:  Introduction