These guidelines appear also in LCRI 24.1.

1.   Quotation marks.  If the form of name selected as the heading includes quotation marks around an element or elements of the name, retain them (cf. example in rule 24.7B4).  Use American-style double quotation marks in the heading instead of other forms of quotation marks.

2.   Initials.  If the form of name selected as the heading consists of or contains initials, regularize the spacing and put one space after an initial that is followed by a word or other element that is not an initial and no space after an initial that is followed by another initial consisting of one letter.

source:    F&H Denby

heading:  110 2# $aF & H Denby

source:    U.S.D.A. Symposium ...

heading:  111 2# $aU.S.D.A. Symposium ...

source:    B B C Symphony ...

heading:  110 2# $aBBC Symphony ...

3.   Abbreviations.  Precede or follow abbreviations consisting of two or more letters with a space, e.g., "Gauley Bridge (W. Va.)," "Ph. D. Associates."

4.   Place name at end.  If the form of name selected as the heading includes a place name at the end and the place is enclosed within parentheses or is preceded by a comma-space, retain in the heading the punctuation as found.

110 2# $aCalifornia State University, Northridge

5.   Numerical or alphabetical designation.  When the name of a body consists of both a numerical or alphabetical designation and words indicating the body's function, include both in the heading for the body.  Separate the two parts with a dash (two hyphens).

source:    Abteilung V - Vermessungswesen

heading:  110 2# $a[Parent body].$bAbteilung V--Vermessungswesen

source:    Social and Economic Sciences (Section K)

heading:  110 2# $a[Parent body].$bSocial and Economic Sciences--Section K

source:    Sub-task Force I, Gas Dissolved in Water

heading:  110 2# $a[Parent body].$bSub-task Force I--Gas Dissolved in Water

6.   Dash or hyphen.  If the form of name selected as the heading includes a dash or a hyphen that sets off a data element (usually a place name), regularize the punctuation by using a dash (two hyphens) without spacing on either side.

source:    University of Nebraska--Lincoln

heading:  110 2# $aUniversity of Nebraska--Lincoln

source:    Centro abruzzese di ricerche storiche - Teramo

heading:  110 2# $aCentro abruzzese di ricerche storiche--Teramo

7.   Year in conference name.  If the form of name of a conference selected as the heading contains an abbreviated or full form of a year, regularize the spacing by insuring that one space precedes the year regardless of the configuration of the year (e.g., use of an apostrophe or other character as a substitute for a portion of the year; the full form of a year combined with another element without spacing).

source:    CDS2000

heading:  111 2# $aCDS 2000 . . .

source:    CP 2000

heading:  111 2# $aCP 2000 . . .

source:    CP98

heading:  111 2# $aCP 98 . . .

source:    ECOOP'99 SCM-9 Symposium

heading:  111 2# $aECOOP '99 SCM-9 Symposium . . .

8.   Series of words.  Add a comma to a series of words appearing in an English-language name except before an ampersand.  Exceptions:

a.   For British headings, follow the punctuation in the publication, which normally will not include a comma before the conjunction in the series of words, e.g.,

110 1# $aGreat Britain.$bMinistry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food

not       110 1# $aGreat Britain.$bMinistry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food

b.   For Canadian headings, follow the punctuation provided by the National Library of Canada.

Note:  Headings originally established before January 1981 that are in accord with current policy except for punctuating words in series were coded "AACR2" before September 1982.  Continue to use the existing form of the established heading in post-August 1982 cataloging.  (Headings other than those from the National Library of Canada or British or Irish headings coded after August 1982 will be in accord with AACR2 and current LC policy.)

See also:

1.0C.  Punctuation/Spacing:  Table of Contents