Introduction

Standard Identifier Sources lists standard number or code systems and assigns a code to each database or publication that defines or contains the identifiers.  The purpose of these source codes is to enable the type of standard numbers or codes in metadata records to be indicated by a code.  For code assignment, general structure, usage, and maintenance guidelines see Introduction.

Arrangement of the list

Entries in the list are arranged in alphabetical order by the code and consist of the source code followed by the bibliographic citation for the source documentation.  The citations are linked to the online source for some codes.

Code structure

Each code consists of a maximum of 25 characters, including lowercase alphabetic characters, numeric characters 0 through 9, and the hyphen (-).  Possible additions to codes are described in Source Code Maintenance.

Standard Identifier Source Codes

agorha

AGORHA (Accès Global et Organisé aux Ressources en Histoire de l'Art)

agrovoc

AGROVOC multilingual agricultural thesaurus. (Rome: APIMONDIA)

allmovie

AllMovie

allmusic

AllMusic

allocine

AlloCiné

amnbo

American National Biography Online

ansi

American National Standards Institute and National Information Standards Organisation number for an ANSI or ANSI/NISO standard

artsy

Artsy

artukart

Art UK Artists

artukaw

Art UK Artworks

balat

BALaT (Belgian Art Links and Tools) People & Institutions

bbcth

BBC Things

bdusc

Biographical Directory of the United States Congress (United States Congress)

belvku

Belvedere Künstler

belvwrk

Belvedere Werke

benezit

Benezit Dictionary of Artists

bfi

BFI - British Film Institute

bnfcg

BnF catalogue général (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France)

cantic

CANTIC (Catàleg d'autoritats de noms i títols de Catalunya) (Biblioteca de Catalunya)

cerl

CERL Thesaurus

cgndb

Canadian Geographical Names Database (Natural Resources Canada)

clara

Clara: Database of Women Artists (National Museum of Women in the Arts)

csfdcz

Cesko-Slovenská filmová databáze

danacode

Danacode (Bnei Brak, Israel: D.A.N.A. Systems)

datoses

datos.bne.es (Biblioteca Nacional de España)

discogs

Discogs

dkfilm

Det Danske Filminstitut Filmdatabasen

doi

Digital Object Identifier

dpb

Dictionnaire des peintres belges

ean

International Article Number

eidr

EIDR: Entertainment Identifier Registry

emlo

Early Modern Letters Online

fast

Faceted Application of Subject Terminology (Dublin, Ohio: OCLC)

fidecp

Fide Chess Profile (World Chess Federation)

filmaff

Film Affinity

filmport

filmportal.de

findagr

Find a Grave

freebase

Freebase

gec

Gran enciclopèdia catalana

geogndb

Geographic Names Database

geonames

GeoNames

gettyart

J. Paul Getty Museum Artists

gettyobj

J. Paul Getty Museum Objects

gettytgn

Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names Online (J. Paul Getty Trust)

gettyulan

Union List of Artist Names Online (J. Paul Getty Trust)

gnd

Gemeinsame Normdatei (Leipzig, Frankfurt: Deutsche Nationalbibliothek)

gnis

Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) (United States Geological Survey, Board on Geographic Names)

gtaa

Gemeenschappelijke Thesaurus Audiovisuele Archieven

gtin-14

Global Trade Identification Number 14 (EAN/UCC-128 or ITF-14)

hdl

Handle

ibdb

IBDB - Internet Broadway Database

idref

IdRef: le referentiel des autorites Sudoc (L'agence bibliographique de l'enseignement superieur (ABES))

imdb

IMDb - Internet Movie Database

isan

International Standard Audiovisual Number

isbn

International Standard Book Number

isbn-a

International Standard Book Number (the actionable ISBN) (International DOI Foundation (IDF))

isbnre

ISBN (International Standard Book Number) registrant element

Note: Refers to the part of the ISBN number that is stable for a publisher's publications (the registrant element).

isfdbau

ISFDB Author Directory (The Internet Speculative Fiction Database)

isfdbaw

ISFDB Award Directory (The Internet Speculative Fiction Database)

isfdbma

ISFDB Magazine Directory (The Internet Speculative Fiction Database)

isfdbpu

ISFDB Publisher Directory (The Internet Speculative Fiction Database)

isil

ISIL (International Standard Identifier for Libraries and Related Organizations)

ismn

International Standard Music Number

isni

International Standard Name Identifier

iso

International Organization for Standardization number for an ISO standard

isrc

International Standard Recording Code

issn

International Standard Serial Number

issn-l

Linking International Standard Serial Number

issue-number

Sound recording issue number

istc

International Standard Text Code

iswc

International Standard Musical Work Code

itar

ITAR (Importtjeneste og autoritetsregistre)

kda

Kunstindeks Danmark Artist

kdw

Kunstindeks Danmark Work

kinopo

КиноПоиск = KinoPoisk

lccn

Library of Congress Control Number

lcmd

Library of Congress Manuscript Division (Washington, DC: Library of Congress)

lcmpt

Library of Congress Medium of Performance Thesaurus for Music (LCMPT) (Washington, DC: Library of Congress)

lei

Legal Entity Identifier

libaus

Libraries Australia (National Library of Australia)

local

Locally defined identifier

matrix-number

Sound recording matrix number

mocofo

Musée d'Orsay Catalogue des oeuvres Fiche Oeuvre

moma

Museum of Modern Art (New York: Museum of Modern Art)

morana

Musée d'Orsay Répertoire des artistes Notice Artiste

moviemetf

MovieMeter Films

moviemetr

MovieMeter Regisseurs

munzing

Munzinger (Munzinger Archiv)

muscl

Music Sales Classical

music-plate

Publisher's music plate number

music-publisher

Publisher-assigned music number

musicb

MusicBrainz

natgazfid

U.S. National Gazetteer Feature Name Identifier

nga

National Gallery of Art (Washington DC: National Gallery of Art)

ngva

National Gallery of Victoria Artist

ngvw

National Gallery of Victoria Work

nipo

Número de Identificación de las Publicaciones Oficiales

nndb

NNDB (Notable Names Database)

npg

National Portrait Gallery (London: National Portrait Gallery)

odnb

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press)

ofdb

OFDb: Online-Filmdatenbank

onix

ONIX (Online Information Exchange)

Note: Code previously defined for usage in Format Source Codes.  Usage has been expanded.

opensm

OpenStreetMap

orcid

Open Researcher and Contributor IDentifier

oxforddnb

Oxford Biography Index

picnypl

PIC - Photographers' Identities Catalog (New York Public Library)

porthu

PORT.hu

prabook

Prabook

rbmsbt

RBMS Controlled Vocabularies: Binding Terms (Rare Books and Manuscripts Section, Association of College & Research Libraries)

rbmsgt

RBMS Controlled Vocabularies: Genre Terms (Rare Books and Manuscripts Section, Association of College & Research Libraries)

rbmspe

RBMS Controlled Vocabularies: Provenance Evidence (Rare Books and Manuscripts Section, Association of College & Research Libraries)

rbmsppe

RBMS Controlled Vocabularies: Printing and Publishing Evidence (Rare Books and Manuscripts Section, Association of College & Research Libraries)

rbmspt

RBMS Controlled Vocabularies: Paper Terms (Rare Books and Manuscripts Section Association of College & Research Libraries)

rbmsrd

RBMS Controlled Vocabularies: Relationship Designators (Rare Books and Manuscripts Section, Association of College & Research Libraries)

rbmste

RBMS Controlled Vocabularies: Type Evidence (Rare Books and Manuscripts Section, Association of College & Research Libraries)

rid

ResearcherID (Thomson Reuters)

rkda

RKDartists& (Den Haag: Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Documentatie)

saam

Smithsonian American Art Museum (Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution)

scholaru

Scholar Universe

scope

Scope

scopus

Scopus Author Identifier

sici

Serial Item and Contribution Identifier

snac

Social Networks and Archival Context

spotify

Spotify

sprfbsb

Sports Reference: Baseball

sprfbsk

Sports Reference: Basketball

sprfcbb

Sports Reference: College Basketball

sprfcfb

Sports Reference: College Football

sprfhoc

Sports Reference: Hockey

sprfoly

Sports Reference: Olympic Sports

sprfpfb

Sports Reference: Pro Football

stock-number

Publisher, distributor, or vendor stock number

strn

Standard Technical Report Number

svfilm

Svensk Filmdatabas

tatearid

Tate Artist Identifier

theatr

Theatricalia

trove

Trove (National Library of Australia)

upc

Universal Product Code

uri

Uniform Resource Identifier

urn

Uniform Resource Name

vd16

Verzeichnis der Drucke des 16. Jahrhunderts

Note: Code previously defined for usage in Description Convention Source Codes.  Usage has been expanded.

vd17

Verzeichnis der Drucke des 17. Jahrhunderts

Note: Code previously defined for usage in Description Convention Source Codes.  Usage has been expanded.

vd18

Verzeichnis der Drucke des 18. Jahrhunderts

viaf

Virtual International Authority File number

videorecording-identifier

Publisher-assigned videorecording number

wikidata

Wikidata (Wikimedia Foundation)

wndla

Web NDL Authorities (Tokyo: National Diet Library (NDL))

Usage in MARC 21

 Bibliographic records

024 $2 (Other Standard Identifier / Source of number or code)

 Authority records

024 $2 (Other Standard Identifier / Source of number or code)

 Holdings records

024 $2 (Other Standard Identifier / Source of number or code)

MODS/MADS Elements

 mods: identifier @type

 mads: identifier @type

See also:

Source Codes for Vocabularies, Rules, and Schemes:  Contents