Uniform titles are used for two completely different reasons in serials cataloging:  collocation and differentiation.

Traditionally uniform titles have been used to collocate or bring together different versions of the same work so that the user can find them "adjacent" in the catalog.  This type of uniform title is most commonly used to bring together, for example, all of the editions of Hamlet or all of the recordings of Beethoven’s ninth symphony.  The uniform title is necessary in these situations because the title proper may vary from version to version (e.g. Beethoven’s ninth, Bernstein conducts Beethoven’s ninth, Symphony no. 9, etc.).  In serials, this type of uniform title is used to bring together certain types of legal serials, as well as translations and language editions.

The second type of uniform title is more commonly used for serials.  It was devised shortly after the adoption of AACR2 in 1981.  This type of uniform title, based on AACR2 25.5B, distinguishes serials that have the same title that may or may not be related in some way to each other.  The guidelines governing the construction of this type of uniform title are found in LCRI 25.5B .

Fields 130 and 240 are used for uniform titles of both types.  When the serial is entered under title, the uniform title is given in field 130, and is the heading for the serial.  When the serial is entered under a corporate or conference name, the uniform title is given in field 240 because there can only be one 1XX field in the record; the combination of fields 1XX and 240 is the heading for the serial.  For simplicity, the term "uniform title" will be used in this module, regardless of the type or field.

This module focuses on uniform titles created according to LCRI 25.5B, but also covers uniform titles for translations and language editions (AACR2 21.14, 25.5C).  Uniform titles for legal serials are covered in Module 34.

Note:  While use of all uniform titles is optional according to AACR2, CONSER policy requires their use, as appropriate.

This module will discuss

Purpose and background of uniform titles created according to AACR2 25.1A, LCRI 25.5B

When to create a uniform title

Choice and form of qualifier

How to record the uniform title

How uniform titles are used in other areas of the record

Special problems such as changes, titles that are the same as a name, and common titles and section titles

How and when to create uniform titles for translations and language editions



Uniform titles:  AACR2 25.1A, 25.5B and their corresponding LCRIs

Translations:  21.14

Language editions:  25.5C


Fields 130 , 240 , Linking Entry Fields-General Information


Module 4.  Main and Added Entries

Module 16.  Changes that May Require a New Record

Definitions of terms used in this module

Common title:  A title common to two or more works, each of which carries the title and/or designation of a section.  (CCM)

Generic title:  A title that consists solely of words that reflect the type and/or periodicity of the serial.  (Adapted from the ISSN Manual)

Qualifier:  A parenthetical word or phrase added to a corporate body heading or uniform title to distinguish the body or title from others with the same name or title.  (CCM)

Section:  A separately published part of a bibliographic resource, usually representing a particular subject category within the larger resource and identified by a designation that may be a topic, or an alphabetic or numeric designation, or a combination of these.  (AACR2)

Title proper:  The chief name of an item, including any alternative title but excluding parallel titles and other title information.  (AACR2)

Uniform title:  1. The particular title by which a work is to be identified for cataloguing purposes.  2. The particular title used to distinguish the heading for a work from the heading for a different work.  3. A conventional collective title used to collocate publications of an author, composer, or corporate body containing several works or extracts, etc., from several works (e.g., complete works, several works in a particular literary or musical form).  (AACR2)

See also:

Module 5.  Uniform Titles (Fields 130 and 240)