Field definition and scope:

Each personal name field is unique in its definition and scope.  For specific information, select from the list below.

100  Heading - Personal Name  (NR)

400  See From Tracing - Personal Name  (R)

500  See Also From Tracing - Personal Name  (R)

700  Established Heading Linking Entry - Personal Name  (R)

Record requirements:  The National level record requirement for the personal name fields is Mandatory if applicable, except for field 700 which is Optional.  For the national level requirements by subfield, see the specific field.

Field repeatability:  See the specific field for its repeatability.

Guidelines for applying content designators:

The content designators identify the subelements occurring in a name or name/title heading that contains a personal name constructed according to the generally accepted cataloging and thesaurus-building rules [e.g., Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR 2), Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH)].

Personal names used in phrase subject headings (e.g., John, the Baptist, Saint, in the Koran) are contained in the X50 fields.

The indicators, subfield codes, and input conventions for the personal name fields 100, 400, 500, and 700 follow similar patterns.  Guidelines for applying them are below.  Subfields are grouped by type of entry.

For indicator and subfield code definitions and examples, National level (NLR) record requirements, and designator repeatability, see table below.  An asterisk ( * ) in the column indicates that the requirement varies.  See table in the specific field.:

Position

Description

NLR

Repeatability

Field X00

Personal Names

*

*

Indicator:

 

 

 

First

Type of personal name entry element

M

 

0

Forename

A

 

1

Surname

A

 

3

Family name

A

 

 

 

 

 

Second

 

 

 

100,
400,
500

Undefined; contains a blank

M

 

 

 

 

 

700

Thesaurus

M

 

0

Library of Congress Subject Headings/Name authority file

A

 

1

LC subject headings for children's literature

A

 

2

Medical Subject Headings/NLM name authority file

A

 

3

National Agricultural Library subject authority file

A

 

4

Source not specified

A

 

5

Canadian Subject Headings/LAC name authority file

A

 

6

Répertoire de vedettes-matière

A

 

7

Source specified in subfield $2

A

 

 

 

 

 

Subfield code:

 

 

 

 

Name portion

 

 

$a

Personal name

M

NR

$b

Numeration

A

NR

$c

Titles and other words associated with a name

A

R

$d

Dates associated with a name

A

NR

$e

Relator term

*

R

$j

Attribution qualifier

O

R

$q

Fuller form of name

A

NR

 

 

 

 

 

Title portion

 

 

$f

Date of a work

A

NR

$h

Medium

*

NR

$k

Form subheading

A

R

$l

Language of a work

A

NR

$m

Medium of performance for music

A

R

$n

Number of part/section of a work

A

R

$o

Arranged statement for music

A

NR

$p

Name of part/section of a work

A

R

$r

Key for music

A

NR

$s

Version

A

NR

$t

Title of a work

A

NR

 

 

 

 

 

Name and title portions

 

 

$g

Miscellaneous information

A

R

 

 

 

 

 

Subject subdivision portion

 

 

$v

Form subdivision

A

R

$x

General subdivision

A

R

$y

Chronological subdivision

A

R

$z

Geographic subdivision

A

R

 

 

 

 

 

Tracing and linking subfields

 

 

$i

Relationship information  [400, 500, 700]

current - A

earlier   - A

R

$w

Control subfield  [400, 500, 700]

A

NR

$0

Authority record control number or standard number  [500, 700]

A

R

$2

Source of heading or term  [700]

A

NR

$4

Relationship  [400, 500, 700]

O

R

$5

Institution to which field applies  [400, 500, 700]

A

R

$6

Linkage

A

NR

$8

Field link and sequence number

O

R

Input conventions:

Ambiguous headings  (what is considered a "personal" name)

Punctuation

Spacing

Display constant for X00 fields

Content designator history:

First Indicator - Type of personal name entry element

Values  1 - Single surname  [redefined]

2 - Multiple surname  [obsolete]

In 1996, the first indicator value 2 (Multiple surname) was made obsolete.  Value 1 (Single surname) was redefined as Surname to be used for headings with either single or multiple surnames.

Second Indicator - Nonfiling characters [100, 400, 500]  [obsolete]:  The second indicator position was made obsolete in fields 100, 400, and 500 in 1993.  The values were:  0-9 (Number of nonfiling characters present).

Subfield $g - Miscellaneous information  [changed, 2014]:  In 2014, subfield $g was made repeatable.

Subfield $i - Reference instruction phrase [400, 500]  [redefined, 2009]

Subfield $i - Relationship information [700]  [new, 2014]

Subfield $j - Attribution qualifier  [new, 2000]:  In 2000, subfield $j was defined for attribution information for names when the responsibility is unknown, uncertain, fictitious, or pseudonymous.

Subfields  $u - Record control number [700]  [obsolete, 1997]  [USMARC only]

$v - Record control number [700]  [redefined, 1995]  [USMARC only]

$0 - Record control number [500, 700]  [new, 1997]

$0 - Record control number [500, 700]  [redefined, 2010]

$v - Form subdivision  [redefined, 1995]

$3 - Authority record control number  [obsolete, 1997]  [CAN/MARC only]

In USMARC, from 1993 to 1995, subfield $v was defined as Record control number in the 7XX Heading Linking Entry fields.  When subfield $v was adapted for form subdivisions in MARC bibliographic and authority heading fields in 1995, subfield $v was redefined as Form subdivision.  In 1997, subfield $0 was added as Record control number in 5XX and 7XX fields and $u was made obsolete.

Subfield $4 - Relationship code [400, 500]  [new, 2009]

Subfield $4 - Relationship code [700]  [new, 2014]

Subfield $4 - Relationship code [400, 500, 700]  [renamed, 2017] [redescribed, 2017]:  Subfield $4 was renamed to Relationship and redescribed to allow for the recording of relationship URIs in addition to MARC and non-MARC codes.

DCM Z1 Instructions:

 X00  Personal Names - First Indicator Value for Surnames

Related MARC fields or documents:

7XX  Heading Linking Entries - General Information

880  Alternate Graphic Representation

RDA in MARC Authority Data

Tracings and References - General Information

MARC Code List for Organizations

Symbols and Interlibrary Loan Policies in Canada

See also:

X00 - X85  General Information

Variable Data Fields