Field definition and scope:

Each personal name field is unique in its definition and scope.  For specific information, select from the list below.

100  Main Entry - Personal Name  (NR)

400  Series Statement - Personal Name  (R)  (USA only)

600  Subject Added Entry - Personal Name  (R)

700  Added Entry - Personal Name  (R)

800  Series Added Entry - Personal Name  (R)

Record requirements:  The National level record requirement for the personal name fields is Mandatory if applicable.  For the national level requirements by subfield, and the minimal level record and subfield requirements, see the specific field.

Field repeatability:  See the specific field for its repeatability.

Guidelines for applying content designators:

The content designators identify the subelements occurring in personal name fields constructed according to generally accepted cataloging and thesaurus-building rules [e.g., Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR 2), Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH)].

Personal names used in phrase subject headings (e.g., John, the Baptist, Saint, in the Koran) are contained in field 650 (Subject Added Entry - Topical Term).

The indicators, subfield codes, and input conventions for the personal name fields 100, 400, 600, 700, and 800 follow similar patterns.  Guidelines for applying the first indicator and subfield codes are below.  Subfields are grouped by type of entry.  See the specific field for the second indicator information.

For indicator and subfield code definitions and examples, National-level (NLR) and Minimal-level (MLR) record requirements, and designator repeatability, see table below.  An asterisk ( * ) in the column indicates that the requirement varies.  See table in the specific field.:

Position

Description

NLR

MLR

Repeatability

Field X00

Personal Names

A

*

*

Indicator:

 

 

 

 

First

Type of personal name entry element

M

 

 

0

Forename

A

 

 

1

Surname

A

 

 

3

Family name

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Second

Second indicator position

M

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subfield code:

 

 

 

 

 

Name portion

 

 

 

$a

Personal name

M

*

NR

$b

Numeration

A

*

NR

$c

Titles and words associated with a name

A

*

R

$d

Dates associated with a name

A

*

NR

$e

Relator term

O

O

R

$j

Attribution qualifier

O

O

R

$q

Fuller form of name

A

*

NR

$u

Affiliation

O

O

NR

$4

Relationship

O

*

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

Title portion

 

 

 

$f

Date of a work

A

O

NR

$h

Medium  [600, 700, 800]

O

O

NR

$i

Relationship information  [700]

O

O

R

$k

Form subheading

A

O

R

$l

Language of a work

A

O

NR

$m

Medium of performance for music  [600, 700, 800]

A

O

R

$n

Number of part/section of a work

A

O

R

$o

Arranged statement for music  [600, 700, 800]

A

O

NR

$p

Name of part/section of a work

A

O

R

$r

Key for music  [600, 700, 800]

A

O

NR

$s

Version  [600, 700, 800]

A

O

NR

$t

Title of a work

*

O

NR

$v

Volume/sequential designation  [ 400, 800]

A

O

NR

$x

International Standard Serial Number  [ 400, 700, 800]

*

O

NR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name and title portions

 

 

 

$g

Miscellaneous information

A

O

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subject subdivision portion

 

 

 

$v

Form subdivision  [600]

A

O

R

$x

General subdivision  [600]

A

O

R

$y

Chronological subdivision  [600]

A

O

R

$z

Geographic subdivision  [600]

A

O

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

Control subfields

 

 

 

$w

Bibliographic record control number  [800]

O

O

R

$0

Authority record control number or standard number

O

O

R

$2

Source of heading or term  [600]

A

O

NR

$3

Materials specified  [600, 700, 800]

O

O

NR

$5

Institution to which field applies  [700, 800]

A

O

NR

$6

Linkage

A

*

NR

$7

Control subfield  [800]

 

 

NR

 

/0 - Type of record

 

 

 

 

/1 - Bibliographic level

 

 

 

$8

Field link and sequence number

O

O

R

Input conventions:

Ambiguous headings  (what is considered a "personal" name)

Punctuation

Spacing

Initial articles  (includes information on diacritics or special characters)

Content designator history:

First indicator - Type of personal name entry element

Values  1 - Single surname  [redefined]

2 - Multiple surname  [obsolete]

In 1996, the first indicator value 2 (Multiple surname) was made obsolete.  Value 1 (Single surname) was redefined as Surname to be used for headings with either single or multiple surnames.

Second indicator - Main entry/subject relationship  [100]  (BK MU SE)  [obsolete]:  The use of the second indicator in field 100 to indicate the main entry/subject relationship was made obsolete in 1990.  The values were:  0 (Main entry/subject relationship irrelevant) and 1 (Main entry is subject).

Second indicator - Type of added entry  [700]

Values  0 - Alternative entry  (BK AM CF MP MU SE)  [obsolete]

1 - Secondary entry  (BK AM CF MP MU SE)  [obsolete]

1 - Printed on card  (VM)  [obsolete]

3 - Not printed on card  (VM)  [obsolete]

In 1993, second indicator values 0 (Alternative entry) and 1 (Secondary entry) were made obsolete in the books, archival and manuscripts control, computer files, maps, music, and serials specifications.  Values 1 (Printed on card) and 3 (Not printed on card) were made obsolete in the visual materials specifications.

Subfield $g - Miscellaneous information  [changed, 2014]:  In 2014, subfield $g was made repeatable.

Subfield $i - Relationship information  [700]  [new, 2009]

Subfield $j - Attribution qualifier  [new, 2000]:  In 2000, subfield $j was defined for attribution for names when the responsibility is unknown, uncertain, fictitious, or pseudonymous.

Subfields  $n - Number of part/section of a work  [defined]

$p - Name of part/section of a work  [redefined]

In 1979, subfield $n was defined for numbered parts/sections and subfield $p (Part) was redefined to include only named parts/sections.  Prior to that change, both the number and the name of a part were contained in one $p subfield.

Subfield $w - Bibliographic record control number  [800]  [new, 2007]

Subfield $x - International Standard Serial Number  [800]  [new, 2008]

Subfield $0 - Authority record control number  [new, 2007]

Subfield $0 - Authority record control number  [redefined, 2010]

Subfield $3 - Materials specified  [800]  [new, 2008]

Subfield $4 - Relator code  [renamed, 2017] [redescribed, 2017]:  Subfield $4 was renamed to Relationship and redescribed to allow for the recording of relationship URIs in addition to MARC and non-MARC codes.

Subfield $5 - Institution to which field applies  [800]  [new, 2010]

Subfield $7 - Control subfield  [800]  [new, 2013]

For specific field information, select a field:

100  Main Entry - Personal Name

400  Series Statement - Personal Name  (USA only)

600  Subject Added Entry - Personal Name

700  Added Entry - Personal Name

800  Series Added Entry - Personal Name

Related MARC fields or documents:

MARC Code List for Organizations

MARC Code List for Relators

Source Codes for Vocabularies, Rules, and Schemes

See also:

Headings:  X00-X30 Fields

Variable Data Fields