First and Second indicators:

#  Undefined


a  Country of publishing/producing entity code (R)

b  Local subentity code (R)

c  ISO code (R)

2  Source of local subentity code (R)

6  Linkage (NR)

8  Field link and sequence number (R)

NOTE:  See MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data (044 Country of Publishing/Producing Entity Code) for code definitions not given below.


Field 044 contains a two- or three-character MARC 21 code for the country of the publishing or producing entity when field 008/15-17 (Ctry) is insufficient to convey full information for an item published in more than one country.  The source of the code is MARC Code List for Countries.  A locally defined subentity code may be recorded in subfield $b when desired to indicate a subentity below the country level with its source indicated in subfield $2.  Subfield $c may be used to include subentity codes from the ISO 3166-2 list.

Field 044 is used in conjunction with field 008/15-17 (Ctry).  The code used in the fixed field is also input in the first subfield $a of field 044.

Field 044 is used primarily for visual materials.


$a  Country of publishing/producing entity code.

Input each code in a separate subfield $a.  Input the code given in field 008/15-17 (Ctry) as the first subfield $a.

CTRY:  it#

044 ## it $a fr $a sp

[Italy, France, and Spain are copublishing countries.]

CTRY:  xxk

245 00 Life on earth. $p The swarming hordes $h [videorecording] / $c produced by British Broadcasting Corporation in association with Warner Brothers.

044 ## xxk $a xxu

[The United Kingdom and the United States are coproducing countries.]

$b  Local subentity code.

008/15-17  at

044 ## $b xna $2 <source of local code>

[Cataloging agency chooses to indicate place of publication as New South Wales.]

$c  ISO code.

Subfield $c contains a subentity code taken from the International Organization for Standardization's Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions: Part 2, Country subdivision codes, ISO 3166-2.

008/15-17  sz

044 ## $c CH-ZH

[Cataloging agency chooses to indicate place of publication as Zurich using the ISO code.]

$2  Source of local subentity code.

Subfield $2 is used only with $b.  The codes to be used are listed in Source Codes for Vocabularies, Rules, and Schemes (Country Code and Term Source Codes).

$6  Linkage.

For instructions on use of subfield $6, see field 880.

Related fields, etc.


044 Country of Publishing/Producing Entity Code  (MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data)

See also:

01X-09X  Numbers and Codes

Variable Data Fields

Section E.  MARC 21 Format for Serials as Applied Within CONSER

CONSER Editing Guide:  Contents