First indicator - Title added entry

0  No title added entry

1  Title added entry

Second indicator - Note controller

0  Display note

1  Do not display note

Subfield codes:

a  Title (NR)

b  Remainder of title (NR)

f   Date or sequential designation (NR)

g  Miscellaneous information (R)

h  Medium (NR)

n  Number of part/section of a work (R)

p  Name of part/section of a work (R)

x  International Standard Serial Number (NR)

6  Linkage (NR)

8  Field link and sequence number (R)

NOTE:  See MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data (247 Former Title) for code definitions not given below.


Field 247 contains a former title proper.  This field is used when one cataloging record is used to represent all former title propers of a serial or integrating resource.  Under earlier rules for cataloging (e.g., ALA), the latest title of a serial was recorded as the title proper and former titles were given in the 247 on the same record with a title varies note.  The 247 field is also used under the current AACR2 provisions of "integrating entry" for recording former titles of integrating resources and electronic serials that do not retain their earlier titles on the same record.  Notes about the former title history are given in the 547 field.  The 547 field is most often used when multiple former titles are described in a single note.

Field 247 is used in the following types of records:  1) records for reproduction microforms that have been "cloned" from a latest entry record for the original serial; 2) records created from preexisting cataloging when performing retrospective conversion; and 3) records created under current AACR2 rules for integrating resources and electronic serials that do not retain their earlier titles.

When field 247 was used in latest entry records for former titles, fixed field 008/34 Entry convention was set to value "1" and Leader/18 Descriptive cataloging form was set to blank.  When field 247 is used for current AACR2 cataloging conventions for integrating resources and electronic serials that do not retain their earlier titles, the fixed field byte for entry convention is set to value "2" and descriptive cataloging form is set to "a".

Display constant

The legend Title varies: precedes a former title or title variation in the note made from data in field 247.  The legend is not carried in the MARC record but may be system generated as a display constant associated with the value 0 (Display note) in the second indicator position.

Editing instructions

1.   Do not add a period or other ending punctuation unless the last word in the field is an abbreviation, initial, or data that ends with a mark of punctuation.

2.   Do not input initial articles unless the intent is to file on the article.

3.   If there are multiple 247 fields, input the fields according to the earliest date or lowest number given in subfield $f.

On cataloging card:

Title varies: 1914-June 1951, British Columbia financial timesJuly 1951-1952, British Columbia economic times.

Input as:

247 10 British Columbia financial times $f 1914-June 1951

247 10 British Columbia economic times $f July 1951-1952

First indicator - Title added entry

The first indicator regulates the generation on output of an added entry.  If no added entry is desired, input value "0"; if an added entry is desired, input value "1".

245 00 Family circle.

247 10 Everywoman's magazine $f v. 1-24, Jan. 1948-57

Second indicator - Note controller

The second indicator regulates the generation on output of a note.  If a note is to be generated, the indicator is set to value "0".  When separate notes are not desired for multiple titles, when the appropriate language of the note cannot be generated from data in this field, or when complex relationships between title propers need to be explained, record a textual note in field 547 (Former Title Complexity Note) and set the second indicator in field 247 to value "1."

247 10 Everywoman's magazine $f v. 1-24, Jan. 1948-57

Displays as:

Title varies: v. 1-24, Jan. 1948-57, Everywoman's magazine.

245 00 Printing trades blue book.

247 11 Printing trades blue book. $p New York edition $f 1916

250 ## Metropolitan ed., Greater New York and New Jersey

547 ## Edition varies: 1916, New York edition.


An updating database with two former titles:

245 00 SIC filings & forms (EDGAR) $h [electronic resource].

247 10 EDGAR database $f <May 4, 2001>

247 10 EDGAR database of corporate information $f <Nov. 13, 2000>

An example of using the 247 and 547 fields for an electronic journal which has not retained its earlier title:

245 00 Asian age online $h [electronic resource].

247 11 Asian age $f <29 Jan. 2002->

260 ## Uttar Pradesh, India : $b HCL InfiNet

500 ## Description based on 6 Mar. 2002; title from caption (viewed Mar. 26, 2002).

500 ## Issues for <29 Jan. 2002-> published: New Delhi : Asian Age.

547 ## All issues originally published with the title: Asian age have been reformatted with the new title: Asian age online.


For a detailed description of subfields $a, $b, $n, and $p, including examples, see field 245 (Title Statement).  The most commonly used subfields are:  $a, $n, $p, $b, $g, $x, $f.

$f  Date or sequential designation.

Subfield $f contains the dates or volume/issue numbers for which the serial was issued with the variant title.  Subfield $f must be given with each 247 field.

247 10 Journalism bulletin $f Mar. 1924-Nov. 1927

$g  Miscellaneous information.

Subfield $g contains miscellaneous information that is not more appropriately recorded in another subfield.  It is used for information such as the phrase varies slightly, enclosed in parentheses.

247 01 [former title] $g (varies slightly)

$x  International Standard Serial Number.

Subfield $x contains the ISSN for a serial title.

$6  Linkage.

For instructions on use of subfield $6, see field 880.

Related fields, etc.

C10, 008/34, 245, 547

247 Former Title  (MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data)

See also:

20X-24X  Title and Title-Related Fields

Variable Data Fields

Section E.  MARC 21 Format for Serials as Applied Within CONSER

CONSER Editing Guide:  Contents