The main entry can be a corporate body, jurisdiction, personal name, title, or uniform title.  This module concentrates on the decision whether to enter a serial under corporate body or title.  Personal name main entries are also covered, even though serials are rarely entered under person.  Uniform titles for translations and other language editions and those assigned for conflicting titles are covered in Module 5; uniform titles for legal serials are covered in Module 34.

This module discusses only "choice" of entry--i.e., whether to enter under title, corporate body, or personal name.  The "form" of a heading--corporate, geographic, or personal--is established according to the rules in AACR2 Chapters 22-24 and is covered in Module 18.

When not given as the main entry, a corporate body or person may be given as an added entry.  This module discusses when to make an added entry for a corporate body or person.  Title and series added entries are covered in Modules 6, 7, and 12.  For changes in the main entry, see Module 16.

This module will discuss

The concept of main entry and how it functions in an online environment

When to choose the corporate body as main entry:  criteria and types of serials

Which body to enter under when there is more than one or when there is a parent and subordinate body

When to choose a person as main entry

When to choose the title as main entry

When to make corporate body or personal added entries



This module is based on rules in AACR2 Chapter 21. Choice of Access Points.  The most important rules covered by this module are:

Sources for determining access points:  21.0B1/LCRI 21.0B

Works of personal authorship.  General rule:  21.1A2/ LCRI

Definition of a corporate body:  21.1B1/ LCRI

Entry under a corporate body. General rule:  21.1B2/ LCRI

General rules for added entries:  21.29

Added entries:   Editors and compilers:  21.30D

Added entries: Corporate bodies:  21.30E


Headings-General Information , fields 100 , 110 , 111 , 700 , 710 , 711


Module 18.  Name Headings

Definitions of terms used in this module

Access point:  A name, term, code, etc., under which a bibliographic record may be searched and identified.  (AACR2)

Added entry:  An entry, additional to the main entry, by which an item is represented in a catalogue; a secondary entry.  (AACR2)

Commercial publisher:  A corporate body whose primary function is that of publishing.  (CCM)

Compiler:  1. One who produces a collection by selecting and putting together matter from the works of various persons or bodies.  2. One who selects and puts together in one publication matter from the works of one person or body.  (AACR2)

Corporate body:  An organization or group of persons that is identified by a particular name and that acts, or may act, as an entity.  Typical examples of corporate bodies are associations, institutions, business firms, nonprofit enterprises, governments, government agencies, religious bodies, local churches, and conferences.  (AACR2)

Editor:  One who prepares for publication an item not his or her own.  The editorial work may be limited to the preparation of the item for the manufacturer, or it may include supervision of the manufacturing, revision (restitution), or elucidation of the content of the item, and the addition of an introduction, notes, and other critical matter.  In some cases, it may involve the technical direction of a staff of persons engaged in creating or compiling the content of the item.  (AACR2)

Emanation:  A publication "emanates" from a corporate body if (1) it is issued by the corporate body, (2) it is caused to be issued by the corporate body, or (3) the contents originate with the corporate body.  (AACR2 21.1B2)

Entry:  A record of an item in a catalogue.  (AACR2)

Heading:  A name, word, or phrase placed at the head of a catalogue entry to provide an access point.  (AACR2)

Joint author:  A person who collaborates with one or more other persons to produce a work in relation to which the collaborators perform the same function.  (AACR2)

Main entry:  The complete catalogue record of an item, presented in the form by which the entity is to be uniformly identified and cited.  The main entry may include the tracing(s).  (AACR2)

Mixed responsibility:  A work of mixed responsibility is one in which different persons or bodies contribute to its intellectual or artistic content by performing different kinds of activities (e.g., adapting or illustrating a work written by another person).  (AACR2)

Personal author:  The person chiefly responsible for the creation of the intellectual or artistic content of a work.  (AACR2)

Shared responsibility:  Collaboration between two or more persons or bodies performing the same kind of activity in the creation of the content of an item.  The contribution of each may form a separate and instinct part of the item, or the contribution of each may not be separable from that of the other(s).  (AACR2)

Tracing:  1. A record of the headings under which an item is represented in the catalogue.  2. A record of the references that have been made to a name or to the title of an item that is represented in the catalogue.  (AACR2)

Uniform title:  1. The particular title by which a work is to be identified for cataloguing purposes.  2. The particular title used to distinguish the heading for a work from the heading for a different work.  3. A conventional collective title used to collocate publications of an author, composer, or corporate body containing several works or extracts, etc., from several works (e.g., complete works, several works in a particular literary or musical form).  (AACR2)

See also:

Module 4.  Main and Added Entries (Fields 100-111 and 700-711)